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How Remote Desktop Protocol Works

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)

What is Remote Desktop Protocol?

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft, which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. The user employs RDP client software for this purpose, while the other computer must run RDP server software.

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a Microsoft protocol designed to facilitate application data transfer security and encryption between client users, devices and a virtual network server. It enables a remote user to add a graphical interface to the desktop of another computer. Based on the ITU-T.120 protocol set, RDP is compatible with multiple types of local area network (LAN) protocols and topologies

Remote Desktop Protocol image
How Remote Desktop Protocol Works

Noteworthy properties of Remote Desktop Protocol ( RDP )  include

  • encryption,
  • smart card authentication,
  • bandwidth reduction,
  • resource sharing,
  • the ability to use multiple displays and the ability to disconnect temporarily without logging off.
  • RDP also allows redirection of functions such as audio and printing.

RDP can support up to 64,000 independent channels for data transmission. Data can be encrypted using 128-bit keys and the bandwidth reduction feature optimizes the data transfer rate in low-speed connections.

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) provides support for the following services:

  • Mouse and user keyboard data encryption
  • Audio, printer, port and file redirection
  • Clipboard sharing between a remote server and a local client
  • Remote desktop applications run on client machines using a remote desktop connection
  • Remote Desktop Services (RDS), which provides RDP functionality via Windows 2008 R2 with Service Pack 1 (SP1)

Multiple features were added to Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)  version 6.0, which was released in 2011. These include Aeroglass remoting, Windows Media Player (WMP) redirection, multiple monitor support, Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) applications and remoting.

RDP is also implemented on non-Microsoft platforms. For example, “rdesktop” is a command line client used on Unix and Linux platforms.

Credit: Google and Wikipedia



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